In September 2015, the United Nations Sustainable Development Summit adopted a new framework to guide development efforts between 2015 and 2030, entitled “Transforming our world: the 2030 Agenda for sustainable development”. The Agenda contains 17 Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs), divided into 169 targets, which are informed by 244 Indicators. Sustainable Development Goal 12, Ensure sustainable consumption and production patterns, promotes increased human well-being while decoupling economic growth from resource use and environmental degradation. The SDG 12 targets cover a range of entry points and actors for promoting responsible consumption and production. This includes acknowledging the critical role of the private sector in the shift to sustainable consumption and production patterns that is reflected in the Target 12.6 Encourage companies to adopt sustainable practices and to integrate sustainability information into their reporting cycle and the Indicator 12.6.1 Number of companies publishing sustainability reports. UNCTAD is a custodian of the SDG Indicator 12.6.1 together with UN Environment, jointly leading the development of the metadata guidance on measuring the SDG 12.6.1, and overseeing the data collection and reporting process on this indicator up to 2030.